Posts Tagged ‘Jean-Philippe Touzeau’

Terra Sancta

Tuesday, October 28th, 2008

The Holy Land.

That was the most common name used by medieval Christians to name the land around Jerusalem. There was no Canaan, Palestine or Israel. The latter was used by Jewish communities.

Crux Ansata

Monday, October 27th, 2008

Cross with a handle.

Latin name of the Egyptian Ankh cross.

Stratoris Officium

Friday, October 24th, 2008

Office of the Groom.

Symbolic gesture in which a head of state holds the stirrup of the pope in a submission homage. It originated from the forged Donation of Constantine where the Roman Emperor held the bridle of the then pope. In 1095, Urban II used it to get King Conrad, son of Emperor Henri VI, to support him against his father. Conrad dutifully performed the Office and thus submitted to the pope’s authority.

Votum Crucis

Thursday, October 23rd, 2008

The Crusading vow.

An innovation from pope Urban II, this was a votum volontarium and the peregrinatus (pilgrim) was making a promise to God. He was staking his salvation on the fulfillment of this promise. It had to be taken publicly and just after he could wear the famous cross of cloth on his tunic or cloak. Suddenly, with this badge, he was a different person. On the other hand, if the deed was not accomplished the Votum Crucis carried the sanction of excommunication.

Peregrinus

Tuesday, October 14th, 2008

Pilgrim. Term used to name those participating to the First Crusade. The term Crucesignatus (crusader) will come later.

Res Nullius

Monday, October 13th, 2008

Nobody’s property

Medieval Calendar

Wednesday, September 17th, 2008

In medieval Europe, the celebrations accompanying the new year were considered pagan and unchristian like, and in 567 the Council of Tours abolished January 1 as the beginning of the year. At various times and in various places throughout medieval Christian Europe, the new year was celebrated on Dec. 25, the birth of Jesus; March 1; March 25, the Feast of the Annunciation; and Easter.

Ancient cultures, including those as varied as the Romans and the Hindus, celebrated New Year’s Day on or around April 1. It closely follows the vernal equinox (March 20th or March 21st.) In medieval times, much of Europe celebrated March 25, the Feast of Annunciation, as the beginning of the new year.

Capsella Bursa-Pastoris

Tuesday, July 29th, 2008

Capsella is an annual and very common plant known also as Shepherd’s purse or bourse-à-pasteur. For more about its usages look in English, also here and in French.

Socius

Wednesday, June 18th, 2008

Member; companion; associate; individual.

Nuns at Montivilliers during Renbaudus’ childhood

Thursday, April 24th, 2008

Wasca, daughter of Rainier, when she became a nun between 1066-1076, gave 5 arpents of vineyard and land at Longueville with the agreement of her brother Hilduin.

Wimer, wife of Ansfrey the Senechal, gave the fief of Ectot.

Hadvise, gave half the land of O with the church and tithes (before 1050?).

Clara, cousin of William, gave the land she held at Le Vauvray.

Adela, wife of Gerald Boctoy, gave her own land of Beaumont.

Rohaise became a nun and her father Ralph gave some land from Vitreville.

Benselina became a nun and gave a possessions in Salmonville. Her husband, Ralph Giffard gave the church of Bellefosse and the tithe, plus 12 acres of land the abbess purchased.

Advenia, daughter of Teobald (Teobald, brother of Robert of Epouville??)